Mathematicians born on this day:
1701 : William Emerson 
Mathematicians who died on this day:
1761 : Thomas Simpson 
Rudolf Lipschitz  John Fields  Eduard Kummer 
Eduard Kummer (1810  1893)
It is greatly to be lamented that this virtue of the real integers that they can be decomposed into prime factors which are slways the same for a given integer does not belong to the complex integers [of arbitrary cyclotomic number fields], for were this the case, the entire theory, which is still labouring under many difficulties, could easily be resolved and brought to a conclusion.
De numeris complexis, qui racidibus unitates et numeris integris realibus constant 1847
Another quotation by one of today's mathematicians
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School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland  