Chevening, Kent

The fourth Earl Stanhope planted a maze in 1818-1830, based on the design of the second Earl Stanhope (1714-1786), the 18C polymath. This was probably the first maze design with 'islands' so the 'hand on wall' rule fails to locate the goal. (There are islands in the Hampton Court maze, but the hand on wall rule solves it.) It also had no 'dead-ends'. The idea rapidly became popular and was widely copied.

The third Earl, Charles Stanhope (1753-1816), was also a noted inventor, devising numerical and logical calculating machines, a microscope lens, a printing press and the process of stereotyping -- examples are in the Science Museum, London, and the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford. [Gardner] says a copy of the Logic Demonstrator is owned by the present Earl, so it may be here. The name Chevening is on some of the Stanhope items at Oxford, so they may have been made here.

To see an Ordnance Survey map click at THIS LINK

Search the Gazetteer:

Previous entry Next entry
Gazetteer Index Map form of the Gazetteer index
Main MacTutor index

An extract from The Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles created by David Singmaster

The original site is at THIS LINK