References for L E J Brouwer

  1. B van Rootselaar, W P de Roever, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
    See THIS LINK.
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  3. A Heyting, Intuitionism, An Introduction (Amsterdam, 1965).
  4. A Heyting (ed.), L E J Brouwer, Collected Works 1. Philosophy and Foundations of Mathematics (Amsterdam, 1975).
  5. A Heyting (ed.), L E J Brouwer, Collected Works 2. Geometry, Analysis, Topology and Mechanics (Amsterdam, 1976).
  6. P Mancosu (ed.), From Hilbert to Brouwer : The Debate on the Foundations of Mathematics in the 1920s (Oxford, 1988).
  7. T Placek, Mathematical Intuitionism and Intersubjectivity (Dordrecht, 1999).
  8. M van Atten, On Brouwer (Belmont, CA, 2003).
  9. D van Dalen (ed.), Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism (Cambridge, 1981).
  10. D van Dalen, Mystic, Geometer, and Intuitionist Vol 1 : The Dawning Revolution (Oxford, 1999).
  11. D van Dalen, L E J Brouwer 1881-1966 : Een Biografie (Amsterdam, 2001).


  12. T Crilly and D Johnson, The emergence of topological dimension theory, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 1-24.
  13. Y Dold-Samplonius, Interview with Bartel Leendert van der Waerden, Notices of the American Mathematical Society 44 (3) (1997), 313-320.
  14. M Franchella, L E J Brouwer: toward intuitionistic logic, Historia Mathematica 22 (3) (1995), 304-322.
  15. H Freudenthal, The first beginnings of modern topology, according to unpublished works from the estate of L E J Brouwer (Dutch), Nederl. Akad. Wetensch. Verslag Afd. Natuurk. 82 (1973), 157-160.
  16. H Freudenthal, L E J Brouwer-topologist, intuitionist, philosopher (Dutch), Nieuw Arch. Wisk. (3) 29 (3) (1981), 249-253.
  17. J-P Dubucs, L E J Brouwer: topologie et constructivisme, Rev. Histoire Sci. 41 (2) (1988), 133-155.
  18. D M Johnson, L E J Brouwer's coming of age as a topologist, Studies in the history of mathematics, MAA Stud. Math. 26 (Washington, DC, 1987), 61-97.
  19. M H A Newman and G Kreisel, Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society of London 15 (1969), 39-68.
  20. Obituary, Yearbook of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Session 1966-67 (1968), 10-27.
  21. M I Panov, One period in the creative life of L E J Brouwer (several remarks on his book Life, art and mysticism) (Russian), Methodological analysis of the foundations of mathematics (Moscow, 1988), 116-120.
  22. M I Panov, L E J Brouwer and Soviet mathematics (Russian), Patterns in the development of modern mathematics (Moscow, 1987), 250-278.
  23. B Schneider, Klassische und intuitionistische Mathematik bei L E J Brouwer-dargestellt am Cantorschen Haupttheorem, Mitt. Math. Ges. DDR 1 (1984), 83-90.
  24. M van Atten, Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Stanford, 2003)
  25. D van Dalen, The War of the Frogs and the Mice, or the Crisis of the Mathematische Annalen, Mathematical Intelligencer 12 (4) (1990), 17-31.
  26. W P van Stigt, L E J Brouwer : intuitionism and topology, Proceedings, Bicentennial Congress Wiskundig Genootschap (Amsterdam, 1979), 359-374.
  27. W P van Stigt, L E J Brouwer 'Life, Art and Mysticism', Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 37 (3) (1996), 389-429.