The Georgian Mathematical Society was founded on 21 February 1923. It is now known as the Georgian Mathematical Union having changed its name in 1994. Let us go back to 1923 and look briefly at the beginnings of the Society.
The founder of the Society was Andrei Mikhailovich Razmadze, one of the founders of Tbilisi University, who taught at that university from the time that it opened in 1918. He held a chair in the Physics and Mathematics Faculty in Tbilisi for the rest of his life. The Society flourished for six years from 1923 to 1929 during which time Razmadze was its President. However, after Razmadze died in 1929 the Society became inactive and was not revived until the 1960s. Following Razmadze's death Leonida Tonelli wrote:-
Mathematics in the person of A Razmadze has lost one of its outstanding scientists, researcher with lucid mentality and keen intellect.After over 30 years when the Georgian Mathematical Society was totally inactive, there was a move to bring it back to life. This move came about mainly through the efforts of V Kupradze, B Khvedelidze, L Gokieli and A Kharadze. Let us give a little information about these four men.
Viktor Dmitrievich Kupradze (born 2 November 1903, died 24 November 1985) was born in the village of Kela in the Lanchkhuti district of Georgia. His school studies were at the Kutaisi non-classical secondary school and in 1922 he entered the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Tbilisi State University. Awarded his diploma in 1927, he worked for three years as an assistant to the Chair of Mathematical Analysis and Mechanics of Tbilisi State University. He went to Leningrad in 1930 undertaking research at the Steklov Mathematical Institute advised by Aleksei Nikolaevich Krylov and Vladimir Ivanovich Smirnov. He was appointed as a senior researcher and scientific secretary of the Steklov Mathematical Institute in 1935 and, two years later, he returned to Georgia when he was appointed Director of the Mathematical Institute of the Georgian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences and Professor of Higher Mathematics at the Georgian Industrial Institute. In 1937 he was appointed to the Chair of Differential and Integral Equations of Tbilisi State University. An outstanding researcher, he worked on the theory of partial differential equations and integral equations, mathematical physics, the theory of elasticity, and on spatial boundary value problems. Kupradze became the second President of the Georgian Mathematical Society, the first after it re-formed in 1962, serving in that role from 1962 to 1966.
Boris Vladimirovich Khvedelidze (born 7 November 1915, died 27 March 1993) attended schools in Tbilisi before entering the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Tbilisi State University in 1933. Awarded his diploma in 1938, he undertook research at the Mathematical Institute of the Georgian division of the USSR Academy of Sciences between 1938 and 1941. He also held assistant positions during these years, spending one year (1938) as an assistant to the Chair of Higher Mathematics of the Georgian Agricultural Institute before being appointed as an assistant to the Chair of Mathematical Analysis of Tbilisi State University in 1939. He was awarded his Candidate's Degree (equivalent to a Ph.D.) in 1942 and was then appointed as a researcher at Mathematical Institute of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences and a docent at Tbilisi State University. In 1957 he was appointed as Head of the Department of Theory of Functions and Functional Analysis of the Andrei Razmadze Mathematical Institute of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. He research involved the theory of partial differential equations, the theory of integral equations, and mathematical physics, particularly boundary value problems. He was appointed as a Vice-President of the re-formed Georgian Mathematical Society in 1962.
Levan Petrovich Gokieli (born 3 December 1901, died 4 January 1975) was born in Kutaisi, Georgia. He studied in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Tbilisi State University, graduating in 1924. He was appointed to Tbilisi State University in the following year and was promoted to professor in 1936. He was also appointed to the Mathematical Institute of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences in 1935. His main research was on mathematical logic, set theory, the history of mathematics and the philosophy of mathematics. Reviews of his papers, however, suggest that his philosophical arguments are of little relevance to mathematics. He served the re-formed Georgian Mathematical Society as its third President from 1966 to 1970, following the presidency of Viktor Dmitrievich Kupradze.
Archil Kirillovich Kharadze (born 21 April 1895, died 17 December 1976) was born in Tsipa, Georgia. He studied at Moscow State University from 1912 to 1917 when he was awarded his diploma. He was greatly influenced by his teacher Dimitri Fedorovich Egorov during his time in Moscow. He returned to Georgia and taught at the Tbilisi Alexandrian Pedagogical Institute in 1917-18 before being appointed as an assistant at Tbilisi State University in 1918. Awarded his Candidate's Degree (equivalent to a Ph.D.) in 1922 he became a docent at Tbilisi State University. In 1930 he became a professor when appointed to the Chair of Mathematical Analysis of Tbilisi State University. In addition to this, in 1935 he became Head of the Department of Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable in the Mathematical Institute of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences in Tbilisi. His research was in mathematical analysis where he worked mainly on special functions such as Hermite polynomials and Bessel functions. He was influential in the re-founding of the Georgian Mathematical Society in 1962 and served as its President from 1970 to 1974.
Following Archil Kharadze, the next President of the Georgian Mathematical Society was Levan Magnaradze who served as President for 20 years from 1974 to 1994. He served the Society for over 30 years in various roles, so let us give some details of his career.
Levan G Magnaradze (born 22 June 1913, died 6 February 2002) was born in Akhal-Senaki, Georgia. He was a student at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Tbilisi State University during 1930-34, being awarded his diploma in 1934. In the following year he was appointed as an assistant in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Tbilisi State University and, in 1936, as a junior researcher at the Mathematical Institute of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences. In 1939 he was awarded a Candidate's Degree (equivalent to a Ph.D.) and he worked both at Tbilisi State University and the Mathematical Institute of the Academy for the rest of his career. The Ilya Vekua Institute of Applied Mathematics was created at Tbilisi State University in 1968 based on the computing laboratory already operating there. Magnaradze became head of one of the departments in the Institute from the time it was founded and continued in this role until 1990. He played a major role in the Georgian Mathematical Society from its re-founding in 1962. He served as Scientific Secretary and Vice-President of the Georgian Mathematical Society from 1962 to 1974 when he became President. In 1990, during Kharadze's presidency, the Georgian Mathematical Society became one of the founders of the European Mathematical Society and in 1991 it became a member of the International Mathematical Union. In 1994 it was renamed to the 'Georgian Mathematical Union'.
The mission of the Georgian Mathematical Union is to promote mathematical sciences, especially among the younger generation, to help train professional mathematicians, to defend professional rights of members, to establish and strengthen contacts with colleagues from abroad and with international organisations such as the International Mathematical Union and the European Mathematical Society.
To achieve its aims the Georgian Mathematical Union organises public meetings where new scientific results are reported and discussed. In addition it arranges commemorative meetings set up to honour an outstanding Georgian mathematician. It is involved in the latest developments in mathematical research as well as putting effort into improving the teaching of mathematics. It collaborates with high school teachers of mathematics, participates in the improvements in educational standards and the production of mathematical textbooks.
Let us look now at the Annual Conferences of the Georgian Mathematical Union which started in 2010.
First Annual Conference of the Georgian Mathematical Union
Viktor Kupradze (1962-1966)
Levan Gokieli (1966-1970)
Archil Kharadze (1970-1974)
Levan Magnaradze (1974-1994)
David Natroshvili (1994-1997)
Roland Duduchava (1997-2001)
Temuri Vepkhvadze (2001-2005)
Jondo Sharikadze (2005-2009)
Roland Duduchava (2009-2013)
David Natroshvili (2013-2017)
List of References (2 books/articles)
Other Web site Society Web-site