# EMS teaching

On 5 February 1944 the Edinburgh Mathematical Society met in 16 Chambers Street, Edinburgh. There was a discussion on the teaching of advanced mathematics in schools led by John Mackie, Principal Teacher of Mathematics in Leith Academy. The following is a minute of the discussion:

Dr John Mackie initiated a discussion on the teaching of advanced mathematics in schools, dealing with the question of whether the subject should be taught primarily 'as a science' (meaning: with full attention to logical development and rigour) or 'as an art' (meaning: with the ability to perform mathematical manipulations and solve problems). While presenting examples and arguments on both sides, and bearing in mind the needs of different types of child, Dr Mackie urged that mathematics should be presented to the child as a science. In the discussion which followed, Dr Rutherford urged that mathematical specialists at school should be given some idea of modern concepts in mathematics (e.g. the concept of a 'group'); Professor E T Whittaker was against a too early insistence on mathematical rigour, and would allow 'geometrical intuition' where purists would refuse it; Professor Copson wished that students could be taught to look on mathematics as a 'language', which must be used precisely and grammatically.

Others also spoke, and the meeting closed with an expression of thanks by the President, Robin Schlapp, to the principal speaker, Dr John Mackie.