Chevening, Kent

Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles

The fourth Earl Stanhope planted a maze in 1818-1830, based on the design of the second Earl Stanhope (1714-1786), the 18C polymath. This was probably the first maze design with 'islands' so the 'hand on wall' rule fails to locate the goal. (There are islands in the Hampton Court maze, but the hand on wall rule solves it.) It also had no 'dead-ends'. The idea rapidly became popular and was widely copied.

The third Earl, Charles Stanhope (1753-1816), was also a noted inventor, devising numerical and logical calculating machines, a microscope lens, a printing press and the process of stereotyping -- examples are in the Science Museum, London, and the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford. [1] says a copy of the Logic Demonstrator is owned by the present Earl, so it may be here. The name Chevening is on some of the Stanhope items at Oxford, so they may have been made here.

References (show)

  1. Gardner, Martin. Logic Machines and Diagrams. McGraw-Hill, NY, 1958. 2nd ed.

The Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles was created by David Singmaster.
The original site is at THIS LINK.