Cadambathur Tiruvenkatacharlu Rajagopal

Quick Info

8 September 1903
Triplicane, Madras, (now Chennai) India
25 April 1978
Madras, (now Chennai) India

Cadambur Tiruvenkatachari Rajagopal was an Indian mathematician who worked on sequences, series and summability.


Rajagopal was educated in Madras, (now Chennai) India. He graduated in 1925 from the Madras Presidency College with Honours in mathematics.

He spent a short while in the clerical service, another short while teaching in Annamalai University then, from 1931 to 1951, he taught in the Madras Christian College. Here he gained an outstanding reputation as a teacher of classical analysis.

In 1951 Rajagopal was persuaded to join the Ramanujan Institute of Mathematics then, four years later, he became head of the Institute. Under his leadership the Institute became the major Indian mathematics research centre.

Rajagopal studied sequences, series, summability. He published 89 papers in this area generalising and unifying Tauberian theorems.

He also studied functions of a complex variable giving an analogue of a theorem of Edmund Landau on partial sums of Fourier series. In several papers he studied the relation between the growth of the mean values of an entire function and that of its Dirichlet series.

A final topic to interest him was the history of medieval Indian mathematics. He showed that the series for tan1x\tan^{-1}x discovered by Gregory and those for sinx\sin x and cosx\cos x discovered by Newton were known to the Hindus 150 years earlier. He identified the Hindu mathematician Madhava as the first discoverer of these series.

Rajagopal is described in [1] as follows:-
Rajagopal was a teacher par excellence and a reliable and inspiring research guide. No words can adequately describe his modesty. Rational thinking and interest in psychic studies were two attributes which he imbibed with pride from his teacher Ananda Rau.

References (show)

  1. C T Rajagopal, Bull. London Math. Soc. 13 (5) (1981), 451-458.
  2. C T Rajagopal: September 8, 1903, to April 25, 1978, J. Anal. 1 (1993), vii.
  3. M S Rangachari, Prof. C T Rajagopal, Indian J. Math. 22 (1) (1980), i-xxix.
  4. Y Sitaraman, Professor C T Rajagopal (1903-1978), J. Math. Phys. Sci. 12 (5) (1978), i-xvi.

Additional Resources (show)

Written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson
Last Update December 1996